ART PRESENTATION

FRAGMENTS Of ARTS

Nu Metal

History of Nu Metal…..

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What is the Nu Metal?
Nu metal, otherwise known as new metal or nü metal, is a musical genre that emerged in the late 1990s which fuses influences from grunge and alternative metal with funk music, hip-hop, and various heavy metal genres, such as thrash metal and groove metal. Nu metal music emphasizes mood, rhythm, and texture over melody and complex instrumentation. Often, nu metal songs use rhythmic, syncopated riffs played on distorted electric guitars with strings detuned to lower pitches to create a darker and more thick music than regular mainstream music.

Origins
Nirvana frontman Kurt Cobain’s death in 1994 would signal the beginning of the decline of alternative rock (and grunge in particular) as the driving force in modern American rock music, paving the way for nu metal to gain ground with the public.

Producer Ross Robinson was labelled by some as “The Godfather of Nu Metal” due to his producing of several notable nu metal albums, the first of which – Korn’s eponymous first album KoЯn – has been noted as the very first nu metal album. And then the follow-up Life Is Peachy, which would become one of the defining albums of the genre, along with subsequent groundbreaking release Follow the Leader. Ross later denounced the nu metal movement for becoming complacent and the newer bands for not expanding on the style.

Korn’s signature sound came from an attempt to emulate chords used by Mr. Bungle’s guitar player, which they referred to as “the moveable Bungle chord”. They have also cited Mike Patton’s other band Faith No More in Kerrang’s The Greatest Videos of All Time in 2006, saying that Korn was influenced by them because they did something unusual with a metal band. Nu metal bands also typically claim influence by more conventional metal acts, particularly Black Sabbath.

Definition
The term was first used for a review of a 1997 Coal Chamber Concert in Spin magazine in the form ‘new metal’. Categorization of specific artists as “nu metal” is difficult, an issue made more prevalent in the online community by traditional metal fans who take offense to the term. Nu metal began as a mix of different genres, so the definition is not solid. Linkin Park’s Meteora, for example, is listed as “alternative” on AOL Music Now, and three different genres (”rock”, “metal”, and “alternative”) on Metacritic.Because their style was not clearly defined, nu metal bands were often considered within multiple other genres. For example, Korn cross into Alternative metal, Limp Bizkit and P.O.D. cross into rapcore, Disturbed crosses over into hard rock, and Linkin Park crosses into alternative rock.

While Korn was one of the bands that founded the nu metal genre, they do not want to be placed in this category. In interviews, the band claims that they “… hate the nu metal term,” arguing that it “… doesn’t mean anything.”

Musical traits
Vocals

Nu metal bands often feature aggressive vocals that range from melodic singing similar to pop and rock, guttural screaming and shouting from various forms of metal and hardcore punk, and rapping akin to hip-hop and rap music.

Some distinction is usually maintained between bands who use rap vocals extensively, and those that do not. Bands featuring almost exclusively rap vocalization are sometimes loosely called “rap metal,” while the less common term rapcore is used to describe bands who use a combination of singing, screaming, and/or rapping (for example, Limp Bizkit, Linkin Park, and P.O.D. have songs that combine the styles).

One method of rapping common in nu metal merges rap with “shouting”, which is basically a mesh of hardcore punk and rap with only some metal influences, commonly called rapcore. Another common method is simply utilizing the different styles in different parts of the songs, such as a “screaming” chorus breaking up rapped verses. The style and lyrical themes of nu metal’s rapped verses are generally very different from those of mainstream hip hop. Distortion and other post-production effects are often added to vocals in the nu metal genre.

Tool is a recognizable origin for some nu metal vocalization; Chevelle’s Pete Loeffler, Taproot’s Stephen Richards, Disturbed’s David Draiman, and Limp Bizkit’s Fred Durst have cited Maynard James Keenan’s signature style as an influence, with Durst also calling the entire group (in general) both a biggest musical influence and favorite band.

Guitar
Unlike traditional metal, the overall defining trait of nu metal guitar-playing is the emphasis on mood, rhythm, and texture over melody and complex instrumentation, achieved largely through performance or effects. Generally speaking, the emphasis in the music is on either communicating feelings of angst and hostility, or motivating a crowd to move with the beat—ideally, both at once.

However, guitar-playing in nu metal still often varies vastly in complexity, sound and usage. Bands take elements from several forms of music when composing the riffs for their guitars, causing a high variance between the bands. One common trait of most nu metal bands, however, is to emphasize the guitar as a rhythmic instrument. Riffs often consist of only a few different notes or power chords played in rhythmic, syncopated patterns. To emphasize this rhythmic nature, nu metal guitarists generally make liberal use of palm muting, a technique inherited from thrash metal that is often widely spaced out and blend easily into the surrounding riffs, in a manner similar to grunge and hip hop.

Another common technique with nu metal guitarists is the use of detuned strings whose lower pitch creates a thicker, more resonant sound. Strings detuned in this way are often drop-D or lower, sometimes adding a seventh string. This technique is often criticized as a misuse of alternate guitar tunings, with detractors emphasizing the ease and frequency with which power chords are played. When Korn first began its career, members of the band stated that guitar solos had become saturated and too boring in the rock industry, thus they felt no need for them. This is typical of nu metal bands in that guitar solos are rare in nu metal songs in general.

Bass guitar
The speed and skill of a bassist in traditional heavy metal plays a large role in the band’s sound, complementing percussive tempos (and occasionally the guitar riffs) and adding strong rhythmic pulse to the band. Nu metal bass parts are often reminiscent of hip hop or funk grooves, and in some songs, slap bass technique is used to give the music a funk groove. The bass in nu metal is often the driving force behind the music, which can be heard in bands such as Mudvayne.

Typically, most nu metal bands use basses that require more than the traditional four strings, such as five-string basses, which provides an extended lower register. Fieldy of Korn, Ryan Martinie of Mudvayne, and Sam Rivers of Limp Bizkit use five string basses. Paul Gray of Slipknot also uses a 5 string on occasion, although he is also known to use a 4 string, tuned to B-E-A-D, the last 4 strings of a 5 string bass.

Turntables
Many notable nu metal bands feature a DJ for additional rhythmic instrumentation (especially for music samples, scratches and electronic backgrounds). Some examples of nu metal DJs are DJ Lethal of Limp Bizkit, Mr. Hahn of Linkin Park and DJ Sid Wilson (Starscream) of Slipknot.

Drums
Nu metal drumming often consists of hip hop, funk, and heavy metal influences. Double bass drumming isn’t very common in the style with Slipknot and Ill Nino being notable exceptions. But unlike the long passages of double bass that death metal and black metal drummers utilize, nu metal drummers use double bass in “stop-go” bursts. System of a Down and Soulfly have also integrated Middle Eastern and tribal music in their styles respectively.

Song structures
Normally, nu metal songs have a song structure of instrumental introduction, verse, chorus, verse, chorus, bridge, chorus. The bridge is often a climax to the song, has a relatively different sound to the previous two and sometimes is just one line repeated, getting gradually louder. It is generally louder in the instrumental parts and the choruses than in the verses. Nu metal shares most of these characteristics with grunge. Verses also tend to have rapped verses and sung/screamed choruses e.g. Linkin Park have Mike Shinoda rapping the verses and Chester Bennington singing/screaming the choruses on most of their earlier work (Meteora in particular).

References

1.a b

2.Christie, Ian (2003). Sound of the Beast: The Complete Headbanging History of Heavy Metal. HarperCollins. ISBN 0380811278.
3.Meteora on AOL Music Now
4.Meteora on Metacritic
5.Jonathan Davis on the term nu metal. Retrieved on 2007-10-11.
6. on Fred Durst’s website

See also
* Rap rock
* Post-grunge
* List of nu metal bands
* Seven-string guitar

LINKIN PARK

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Linkin Park : is a rock band from Agoura Hills, California. Since their formation in 1996, the band has sold more than fifty million albums and won two Grammy Awards.With their debut album, Hybrid Theory, they achieved their initial mainstream success; the album was certified Diamond by the RIAA in 2005.Their following studio album, Meteora, continued the band’s success, topping the Billboard 200’s album charts in 2003, and was followed by extensive touring and charity work around the world.

Recognized for their adaption of the nu metal genre into a radio-friendly style in Meteora and Hybrid Theory,the band moved away from this and explored a variety of other genres in their latest studio album, Minutes to Midnight.The album topped the Billboard Charts and had the third best debut week of any album that year.They are also known for their several collaborations, most notably with rapper Jay-Z in their mash-up album Collision Course, and many other artists on Reanimation.

Contents
1 Band history
1.1 Early years (1996–1999)
1.2 Breakthrough: Hybrid Theory (2000–2002)
1.3 Continued success: Meteora (2002–2004)
1.4 Side projects and charity work (2004–2006)
1.5 Resurgence: Minutes to Midnight (2006–present)
2 Style
3 Band members
4 Discography
5 Videography
6 Gallery
7 Notes and references
8 Further reading
9 External links

Band history
Early years (1996–1999)

Originally consisting of three high school friends from Agoura High School, Linkin Park’s foundation was anchored by Mike Shinoda, Brad Delson, and Rob Bourdon.After graduating from high school, the California natives began to take their musical interests more seriously, recruiting Joe Hahn, Dave “Phoenix” Farrell, and Mark Wakefield to perform in their band then titled Xero. Though limited in resources, the band began recording and producing songs within Shinoda’s make-shift bedroom studio in 1996.Tensions and frustration within the band grew after they failed to land a record deal.The lack of success and stalemate in progress prompted Wakefield, at that time the band’s vocalist, to leave the band in search for other projects.Farrell would also leave the band to tour with Tasty Snax and other bands.
After spending a considerable time searching for Wakefield’s replacement, Xero recruited Arizona vocalist Chester Bennington. Jeff Blue, the vice president of Zomba Music, had referred him to the band in March 1999.Formerly of Arizona grunge band Grey Daze, Bennington was noted among the other applicants.The band changed their name from Xero to Hybrid Theory.Following the recruiting of Bennington, the band began to work on new material.Shortly after this, the band changed their name from Hybrid Theory to Linkin Park, a play on words and homage to Santa Monica’s Lincoln Park.However, the band still struggled to sign a record deal despite these changes. Having endured numerous rejections from several major record labels, Linkin Park turned to Jeff Blue for help. After failing to catch Warner Bros. Records on three previous reviews, Jeff Blue, now the vice president of Warner Bros. Records, helped the band sign a deal with the company in 1999. Now aside with Warner Bros. Records, the band released their breakthrough album, Hybrid Theory, the following year.

Breakthrough: Hybrid Theory (2000–2002)
Linkin Park released Hybrid Theory on October 24, 2000.The album, which represented half a decade’s worth of the band’s work, was edited by music producer Don Gilmore.Hybrid Theory was well received by music fans; the band sold more than 4.8 million records during its debut year, earning it the status of best-selling album of 2001, while singles such as Crawling and One Step Closer established themselves as staples among alternative rock radio play lists during the year.Additionally, other singles from the album were featured in movies such as Dracula 2000, Little Nicky, and Valentine.Hybrid Theory was also nominated for three Grammy Awards, including best new artist, best rock album, and best hard rock performance (for Crawling).MTV awarded the band their Best Rock Video and Best Direction awards for In the End.Through the winning of the Grammy for best hard rock performance, Hybrid Theory’s overall success had catapulted the band into the mainstream’s attention.
During this time, Linkin Park received many invitations to perform on many high-profile tours and concerts including Ozzfest, Family Values Tour and KROQ Almost Acoustic Christmas.The band also formed their own tour, Projekt Revolution, which featured other notable artists such as, Cypress Hill, Adema, and Snoop Dogg.Within a year’s stretch, Linkin Park had performed at over 320 concerts.The experiences and performances of the precocious band were documented in their first DVD, Frat Party at the Pankake Festival, which debuted in November 2001. Now reunited with former bassist Dave Farrell, the band began work on a remix album, dubbed Reanimation, which would include works from Hybrid Theory and Hybrid Theory EP.The album Reanimation debuted on July 30, 2002, featuring the likes of Black Thought, Jonathan Davis, Aaron Lewis, and many others.Reanimation claimed the second spot on the Billboard 200, and sold nearly 270,000 copies during its debut week.

Continued success: Meteora (2002–2004)
Following the success of Hybrid Theory and Reanimation, Linkin Park spent a significant amount of time touring around the United States. The band began to work on new material amidst their saturated schedule, spending a sliver of their free time in their tour bus’ studio.The band officially announced the production of a new studio album in December 2002, revealing their new work was inspired by the rocky region of Meteora in Greece, where numerous monasteries have been built on top of the rocks.Meteora featured a mixture of the band’s previous nu metal and rapcore styles with newer innovative effects, including the induction of a shakuhachi (a Japanese flute made of bamboo) and other instruments.Linkin Park’s second album debuted on March 25, 2003 and instantly earned worldwide recognition,going to #1 in the US and UK, and #2 in Australia.
Meteora sold more than 800,000 copies during its first week, and it ranked as the best selling album on the Billboard charts at the time.Music videos for some of the album’s singles, including Somewhere I Belong, Breaking the Habit, Faint and Numb, received significant radio attention.By October 2003, Meteora sold nearly three million copies.The album’s success allowed Linkin Park to form another Projekt Revolution, which featured other bands and artists including, Mudvayne, Blindside, and Xzibit.Additionally, Metallica invited Linkin Park to play at the Summer Sanitarium Tour 2003, which included well-known acts such as Limp Bizkit, Mudvayne and Deftones.The band released an album and DVD, entitled Live in Texas, which consisted of audio and video tracks of some of the band’s performances in Texas during the tour.n early 2004, Linkin Park started a world tour titled the Meteora World Tour, supporting bands on the tour include Hoobastank, P.O.D and Story of the Year.

Meteora earned the band multiple awards and honors. The band won MTV’s awards for Best Rock Video (Somewhere I Belong) and the Viewer’s Choice Award (Breaking the Habit).Linkin Park also received significant recognition during the 2004 Radio Music Awards, winning the Artist of the Year and Song of the Year (Numb) awards.Although Meteora was not nearly as successful as Hybrid Theory, it was the third best selling album in America during 2003.The band spent the first few months of 2004 touring around the world, first with the third Projekt Revolution tour, and later several European concerts.

Side projects and charity work (2004–2006)
Following Meteora’s success, the band postponed working on a new studio album for the next few years. Instead, Linkin Park continued to tour and work on many side projects. Bennington appeared on DJ Lethal’s State of the Art and other work with Dead By Sunrise, while Shinoda did work with Depeche Mode.In 2004, the band began to work with Jay-Z to produce another remix album, entitled Collision Course. The album, which featured intermixed lyrics and background tracks from both artists’ previous albums, debuted in November 2004. Shinoda also formed a new band, Fort Minor, as a side project. With the aid of Jay-Z, Fort Minor released their debut album, The Rising Tied, to critical acclaim.At the same time, the band’s relationship with Warner Bros. Records was deteriorating rapidly on account of several trust and financial issues.After months of feuding, the band finally negotiated a deal in December 2005.
Linkin Park also participated in numerous charitable events. Linkin Park helped raise money to benefit victims of Hurricane Charley in 2004 and later Hurricane Katrina in 2005.The band donated $75,000 to the Special Operations Warrior Foundation in March of 2004.They also helped relief efforts for the 2004 Tsunami victims by staging several charity concerts and setting up an additional fund called “Music for Relief”.Most notably, however, the band participated at Live 8, a series of charitable benefit concerts set up to raise global awareness.Alongside Jay-Z, the band performed on Live 8’s stage in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, to a global audience.The band would later be reunited with Jay-Z at the Grammy Award Ceremony 2006, during which they performed Numb/Encore, en route to winning a Grammy for Best Rap/Sung Collaboration.They would later go on to play at the 2006 Summer Sonic music festival, which was hosted by Metallica, in Japan.

Resurgence: Minutes to Midnight (2006–present)
Linkin Park returned to the recording studios in 2006 to work on new material. To produce the album, the band chose producer Rick Rubin. Despite initially stating the album would debut sometime in 2006, the album was delayed until 2007.The band had recorded thirty to fifty songs in August 2006, when Shinoda stated the album was halfway completed.Bennington later added that the new album would stray away from their previous nu metal sound.Warner Bros. Records officially announced that the band’s third studio album, entitled Minutes to Midnight, would be released on May 15, 2007 in the United States.fter spending fourteen months working on the album, the band opted to further refine their album by removing five of the original seventeen tracks.Minutes to Midnight sold over 600,000 copies in its first week, making it one of the most successful debut week albums in recent years. The album also took the top spot on the Billboard Charts.Some songs, before its release, were mislabeled for Tribal Ink’s music.
The album’s first single, “What I’ve Done” was released on April 2, and premiered on MTV and Fuse within the same week.The single was acclaimed by listeners, becoming the top-ranked song on the Billboard’s Modern Rock Tracks and Mainstream Rock Tracks charts.”Bleed It Out”, the second single from Minutes to Midnight, was released August 20, 2007, slightly over a month before “Shadow of the Day”, the third single, was released in the UK on October 8, and the U.S. on October 16. The album’s fourth single, “Given Up”, will be released on February 2008.
Linkin Park’s touring and live shows have, among other things, included a performance at Live Earth Japan on July 7, 2007.The band recently finished touring on their fourth Projekt Revolution tour.

Style
Both Hybrid Theory and Meteora intertwined the nu metal and rap rock sound with influences and elements from hip-hop, alternative rock, and electronica, utilizing programming and synthesizers. William Ruhlmann from All Music Guide regarded it as “a Johnny-come-lately to an already overdone musical style,”whereas Rolling Stone called “Breaking the Habit” “risky, beautiful art.”In Minutes to Midnight the band experimented with their established sound and sees them drawing influences from a wider and more varied range of genres and styles, a process Los Angeles Times compares to a stage in U2’s work.In it, only two of the songs feature rapping. It also is their first studio album to feature guitar solos and to feature Mike Shinoda’s singing, rather than rapping.
Linkin Park’s use of two separate vocalists has become a large part of their music. Chester Bennington is most known for using growling and screaming vocals common in various forms of metal, while also using more melodic singing, and has placed 46th in Hit Paraders list of “Heavy Metal’s All-Time Top 100 Vocalists”.Mike Shinoda is the group’s MC, and does all of the rapping. Mike has also done all of the backing vocals live, and in their latest album, Minutes to Midnight, he sings lead vocals on three songs: “In Between”, “Hands Held High”, and the b-side “No Roads Left”. Shinoda has also been placed in Hit Parader’s list of “Heavy Metal’s All-Time Top 100 Vocalists” at number 72.

Band members
Current
Chester Bennington – lead vocals (1999–present)
Rob Bourdon – drums (1996–present)
Brad Delson – lead guitar (1996–present)
Dave “Phoenix” Farrell – bass guitar, backing vocals (1996–1999, 2001–present)
Joe Hahn – turntables, programming, samples, beats (1996–present)
Mike Shinoda – emcee, vocals, rhythm guitar, keyboard, piano (1996–present)

Former
* Mark Wakefield – Vocals (1996–1998, while the band was named Xero)
Stand-in
* Kyle Christener— Bass guitar (1998–1999) Temporarily replaced Farrell
* Scott Koziol— Bass guitar (1999–2001) Stand-in bass player on Hybrid Theory

Discography
Main article: Linkin Park discography
Demos and EPs

* Xero demo tape (1997)
* Hybrid Theory EP (1999)

Albums
* Hybrid Theory (2000)
* Reanimation (2002)
* Meteora (2003)
* Collision Course (with Jay-Z) (2004)
* Minutes to Midnight (2007)

Videography
Main article: Linkin Park videography
DVD/VHS

* Frat Party at the Pankake Festival (2001)
* Reanimation (DVD-Audio) (2002)
* Live in Texas (2003)
* Collision Course (2004)
* Minutes to Midnight (Limited Release) (2007)

Further reading
* Saulmon, Greg. Linkin Park. Contemporary Musicians and Their Music. New York: Rosen Pub. Group, 2007. ISBN 1404207139.
* Baltin, Steve. From The Inside: Linkin Park’s Meteora. California: Bradson Press, 2004. ISBN 0960357416.

External links
Wikimedia Commons has media related to:
Linkin Park

* Linkin Park’s official site
* Linkin Park at MySpace
* Linkin Park at All Music Guide

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Linkin Park
Chester Bennington · Rob Bourdon · Brad Delson · Dave “Phoenix” Farrell · Joe Hahn · Mike Shinoda
Kyle Christener · Scott Koziol · Mark Wakefield

Studio albums – Hybrid Theory · Meteora · Minutes to Midnight
Live albums – Live in Texas
Demos and Extended plays – Xero · Hybrid Theory EP · Collision Course
Remix albums – Reanimation
Videos – Frat Party at the Pankake Festival · The Making of Meteora · Live in Texas · Breaking the Habit – Collision Course · Minutes to Midnight
Singles – One Step Closer” · “Crawling” · “Papercut” · “In the End” · “In the End: Live & Rare” · – “Pts.OF.Athrty” · “Enth E Nd / Frgt/10″ · “Frgt/10″ · “Somewhere I Belong” · “Faint” · “Numb” – “From the Inside” · “Lying from You” · “Breaking the Habit” · “Numb/Encore” · “What I’ve Don – “Bleed It Out”.”Shadow of the Day” · “Given Up”
Related articles – Discography · Dead By Sunrise · Fort Minor · Julien-K · Linkin Park Underground · Machine Shop – Recordings · Music for Relief Projekt Revolution · Relative Degree · Styles of Beyond · Tasty Snax · Xero · Videography.

Limp Bizkit(Best RAP-METAL)Vocalist

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Limp Bizkit is a nu metal/rapcore band from Jacksonville, Florida. The current members of the band include vocalist Fred Durst, bassist Sam Rivers, drummer John Otto (Rivers’ cousin), and Latvian turntablist/sampler player DJ Lethal. The band’s guitarist Wes Borland departed in 2001 following the release of their first three albums to be replaced by Mike Smith for the band’s fourth release Results May Vary. Wes rejoined for The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1) only to quit once again in 2006 to work with other projects Black Light Burns and From First to Last. It’s unknown if Wes will rejoin Limp Bizkit in 2008 for The Unquestionable Truth (Part 2).The band has sold over 60,000 000 albums worldwide.

Contents
1 Early years
1.1 Business ventures
1.2 Significant Other (1999-2000)
1.3 Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water (2000-2001)
1.4 Results May Vary (2002-2004)
1.5 The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1) and Greatest Hitz (2004-2006)
1.6 Future
+ 1.6.1 The Unquestionable Truth (Part 2) (2007-Present)
2 Band members
2.1 Current
2.2 Former
3 Non-musical album appearances
4 Discography
4.1 Albums
5 Guest appearances in Limp Bizkit videos
6 Guest appearances in other videos
7 References
8 See also
9 External links

Early years
Fred Durst moved to Jacksonville, where he met Sam Rivers. Sam was introduced to music by his cousin, John Otto, a drummer. Fred asked Sam if he wanted to get together for a jam session, and Sam accepted. Sam brought his cousin John into the picture. Together they started an early version of the band. The trio soon recruited guitarist Rob Waters. In 1994 Limp Bizkit was established.
Waters didn’t stay in the picture very long. The band’s first four-track demo, entitled “Mental Aquaducts”, was recorded with him but soon after he left the band. John Otto suggested the group to consider Wes Borland, who he had gone to school with, for the now vacant position. Otto stated Borland was an artist, but also a very good guitar player. Fred had noticed him playing at clubs and wanted to recruit him. Fred went to Philadelphia, and he instructed the other members to talk to Wes and see if he’d join the band. Wes accepted, and the very night Fred came back to Jacksonville a show was scheduled. Fred and Wes met for the first time, practiced for a half hour, and then went and played the show.
The band continued to play various shows, their most popular venue being at the Milkbar in Jacksonville. In 1995, Fred Durst met members of the band Korn when they played a show in the Jacksonville area. Fred Durst, a tattoo artist, gave Korn bassist Reginald Arvizu several tattoos and the two became friends. Durst gave Korn the band’s first demo tape with Rob Waters, and they shrugged it off as nothing special. But when Wes came into the picture, a second demo was recorded and this time Korn was impressed. This three song demo included the tracks ‘Counterfeit’, ‘Stuck’, and ‘Pollution’, all of which would end up on Three Dollar Bill, Yall$. Reginald Arvizu passed the demo tape onto Ross Robinson, who produced for Korn, and was also very impressed. Ross contacted Limp Bizkit, and stated his intent to produce for the band. Also, at a Garbage concert, Fred had met Jordan Schur and played his demo tape for him in Schur’s car. He was impressed, and wanted to sign Limp Bizkit to his label, Flip. Around this time, the band was booked to tour with the bands Deftones and House of Pain, whose member DJ Lethal later joined Limp Bizkit.
Another major event that shaped the destiny of the band occurred before they were signed. It’s not exactly clear when it happened due to conflicting accounts. Apparently it occurred after Wes had quit the band, while the remaining members still wanted to go on without him. The band had gotten an offer from major record label Mojo, a subsidiary of MCA. Seeing a greater opportunity with Mojo, the band decided to choose them over the smaller label, Flip. Durst called Jordan Schur, and said, regretfully, that he had decided to choose Mojo over Flip. He also said that the band was driving a van to Los Angeles to sign the record deal and that the only way they weren’t going to sign was if the van flipped. These words proved to be an omen of sorts. While the group’s van was driving through Texas the driver fell asleep at the wheel and the van flipped. The van rolled several times before landing on its roof. While everyone managed to escape with only minor injuries, the demeanor of the band changed completely. They took it as a sign and from then on wanted nothing to do with Mojo. Everyone, including Ross Robinson, started calling Wes, trying to get him to come back to the band. Once Wes came back, Fred called Jordan Schur and pleaded with him, telling him how big of a mistake they had made, and about how the accident was “a sign”. It cost Flip $200,000 to buy out the Mojo contracts. When that was done, Limp Bizkit was signed to Flip. Being a small label, Flip entered into a joint venture with Interscope to distribute the band’s first album.
Three Dollar Bill Y’All$, their first full length recording, was released in 1997 on Interscope. The album fared poorly on the Billboard 200 at the time of its release, although it did sell steadily over time due to a huge amount of obsessive touring. It wasn’t until Limp Bizkit made further associations with Korn that they were able to promote their music via MTV, Warped Tour, the Family Values Tour, the Trail of Tears, and Ozzfest, which helped the album to peak at number 25 on the chart. At Ozzfest in particular, the band made a memorable impression on viewers due to the original set they played on, which consisted of a giant toilet. The band climbed out from the toilet at the beginning of the show, with Fred saying lines during the show such as “We’re coming straight to you from the sewer” and “I am a piece of shit, and my band is a piece of shit”. Sam Rivers once said during MTV Driven “Our music is fueled by negativity, so by saying these things you’re only fueling the fire”. Wes Borland’s outlandish makeup also started making impressions on fans as well. Although their first released single was “Counterfeit”, they rose to fame through a cover of George Michael’s “Faith”. The song appeared on the soundtrack of Peter Berg’s 1998 movie “Very Bad Things” starring Cameron Diaz, Christian Slater and Jeremy Piven.Apparently, the song only took around 10 minutes to arrange. Later that year, Fred lent his vocals to Korn’s third album on the song “All in the Family”, a rap-battle of sorts. The album also featured a second disc, with four remixes of the demo for the song and multimedia featuring interviews between Fred, Wes and the rest of Korn.
Another unique idea the band came up with was the “Ladies Night in Cambodia” tour. Fred had noticed that mostly young males went to their concerts, and wanted more women to come. So, they came up with the idea to let women get in for free at this tour. The tour was a huge success, and many more women would appear at their later concerts (even though this practice lasted only for the “Cambodia” tour). The set was also fairly original, as it made the stage appear to be a jungle (hence the ‘Cambodia’).

Business ventures
It was around this time that Fred Durst started to assist the careers of a number of up-and-coming bands, particularly Staind, Cold, Puddle of Mudd and Taproot (who later rejected Durst’s contract). Most of these bands have since tried to cement themselves as an independent, standalone band and denounce Limp Bizkit’s aid and influence. Some however, such as Staind , stay true to Durst’s aid. Staind has always said how thankful they are to Fred. In 2006, when Fred Durst did the song ‘Outside’ live for the second time with Staind, Aaron Lewis replied to several hecklers with “Hey, if it wasn’t for this motherfucker right here, I wouldn’t be playing in front of you tonight”.

Significant Other (1999-2000)
In 1999, Limp Bizkit found major worldwide success with their second album Significant Other, which debuted at number 1 on the Billboard 200 and received generally positive reviews.The album sold 834,000 copies in its first week and has sold over 14 million copies worldwide. The first single “Nookie,” was an enormous hit on rock radio, reaching the top 10 in both rock and rap charts. The band followed-up the single with three simultaneously released singles – “Break Stuff”, “Re-Arranged” and “N 2 Gether Now” (featuring Method Man). The album also featured the song “Nobody Like You” with vocals by Jonathan Davis of KoRn and Scott Weiland of Stone Temple Pilots.
In the summer of 1999, Limp Bizkit played at the highly anticipated Woodstock ‘99 show. However, violent action sprang up during and after their performance, including fans tearing plywood from the walls during a rendition of the band’s single Break Stuff. Several rapes and sexual assaults were reported in the aftermath of the concert,resulting in deliberately lit “fires and looting when the Red Hot Chili Peppers played the next day. Some have blamed the band for this outbreak, although Fred Durst claimed that none of the instigations he had made at the concert were intended to cause damage. Consequently, the music video for the band’s single “Re-Arranged” has the band being tried and violently executed for the Woodstock uproar by the ghost of Jimi Hendrix.
Along with this episode, controversies involving the band’s members began to arise. Durst particularly became involved in feuds with Trent Reznor of Nine Inch Nails, the nu metal nonet Slipknot, Ozzy Osbourne’s guitarist Zakk Wylde, physical violence with Creed frontman Scott Stapp, verbal wars with rapper Eminem, and later, Bruce Dickinson of Iron Maiden. In addition, the band Taproot released on their website an answering machine message that Durst had left on the lead singer’s phone as ‘revenge’ for ending their record company contract with his record label.
Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water (2000-2001)
15 months later, Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water, a title with sexual connotations referring to the ‘anus’ (chocolate starfish) and ‘hot dog flavored water’ (semen), was released on the 17 October 2000, selling over a million copies in the US in its first week of release (a record for a rock album and going on to sell almost 18 million worldwide. The first two singles “My Generation” and “Rollin’ (Air Raid Vehicle)” were released at the same time in promotion of the album. “Take a Look Around” was later added to the list as the theme song to the movie Mission: Impossible 2. A remix of “Rollin’” (Urban Assault Vehicle) featuring Method Man, Redman and DMX was also a minor club hit. The fourth single “My Way” was commissioned as the opening theme for the WWF’s WrestleMania X-Seven. Despite its commercial success, the album received mediocre reviews from many critics [5]. In late 2000, the band also stirred up some discontent by allowing the controversial peer-to-peer file-sharing network Napster to sponsor their Back to Basics tour, advertised as a chance for fans to ‘get closer to the band.’
Controversy continued with a death during a 2001 tour of Australia at the Big Day Out festival in Sydney. Teenager Jessica Michalik suffered a heart attack when fans rushed the stage in the mosh pit. It was claimed by security and witnesses that Fred Durst was urging the crowd on in a possibly violent manner, or that he failed to attempt to calm the crowd after the accident. Jessica was announced clinically dead when she was pulled out of the pit by security guards, but regained consciousness after having air pumped into her lungs as well as an epinephrine shot to her heart from paramedics backstage. She was immediately rushed to Sydney’s Concord Hospital where she died a few hours later. Durst released statements to the TV show Access Hollywood in the U.S. that he had ‘visited the girl’s bedside’ and ‘kept in touch with her family,’ though police claimed he did ‘no such thing.Thirty fans were treated for minor injuries at the festival’s medical tents.
Durst refused to fly to Australia in order to appear in court for the trial of the girl’s death, which lawyers scoffed at.He claimed that he was a ‘nervous flier’ and ‘couldn’t fit it into his schedule,’ although he provided some of the band’s managers with testimony. During the hearing he claimed, via a video connection from the U.S., that he had warned the concert’s organizers and promoter Vivian Lees of the potential dangers of such minimal security, even going so far as to say Limp Bizkit would ‘pull out’ if the issue wasn’t properly addressed. Big Day Out attorneys attempted to pin the blame on Limp Bizkit because the band did not stop playing when they received news of the incident. Although the guitars, drums and bass ceased, DJ Lethal played a quiet computer-generated loop. While admitting that Lethal took it upon himself to play the interlude, Durst claimed that the quiet melody did have a soothing effect on the crowd. The Coroner’s Court decided the band ‘could’ve been more helpful in efforts to aid the girl’. The security practices employed by festival organizers Creative Entertainment Australia bore the brunt of the blame. After viewing videotapes and hearing witness testimony, however, Milledge, the coroner, said it was evident that the density of the crowd was dangerous at the time Limp Bizkit took the stage.
In the fall of 2001, Wes Borland left Limp Bizkit for the second time. Strained relations between him and Fred, as well as his desire to create more meaningful music all contributed to his decision. His departure was interpreted as a major blow by fans and critics to the band. He was often cited as a vital creative force in the group, due in part to his eccentricity.

Results May Vary (2002-2004)
With Borland’s absence, Limp Bizkit began a nation-wide audition in 2002, for their new guitarist called “Put Your Guitar Where Your Mouth Is”.Durst announced at the outset that he was interested in recruiting a female or more than one new member into the band Thousands of hopefuls were said to queue up to participate. Some controversy occurred when rumors surfaced that all contestants were required to sign a document giving Limp Bizkit the full ownership of any riffs they played. Fred Durst said on the band’s website that what they signed was only a release form so that each person’s likeness could be used in a documentary if the band were to make one.Each auditioner was allowed only sixty seconds in the first round to prove themselves in the eyes of the band. The final contestants were Monte Pittman, Anousch and Jonas Anderson of Fresno, California. Christopher Arp of Psyopus auditioned in this guitarist search, as he later said in an interview with Terrorizer magazine, and Eddie Van Halen auditioned for fun due to his being friends with the band.
On March 7, 2003, Limp Bizkit announced they would perform live for the first time in two years, at the upcoming WWE’s WrestleMania XIX taking place on March 30.They also signed up for several live tours, despite their lack of a guitarist. The guitarists for the Wrestlemania tour were later revealed when Durst wrote in a post on the official website: “We are playing Wrestlemania this weekend. On the guitars will be Head from Korn and Mike Smith from Snot”. This live lineup performed the song Crack Addict, which was rumored to be on their upcoming album, although it was not. The song was later made available for download through their MySpace page.
During this time, Durst spoke of many collaborations with guitarists, with a few rap guests sprinkled in on songs for the album. Among them were Rivers Cuomo of Weezer, Page Hamilton of Helmet, Al Jourgensen of Ministry, and Brian “Head” Welch of Korn as well as Jay-Z, Bubba Sparxxx, and Snoop Dogg. None of the songs with those guitarists would make it onto the album, except “Build a Bridge”, which was written with Brian “Head” Welch, and “Red Light, Green Light”, which featured Snoop Dogg.
For whatever reason, the finalists from the “Put Your Guitar Where Your Mouth Is” contest were rejected in favor of former Snot guitarist Mike Smith. The band also changed its logo to limpbizkit to promote their change of style.
The band had already recorded an album’s worth of material for an upcoming release. But with Mike Smith now in the band, it was decided that they would go back in the studio and record another album’s worth of songs. The best of these tracks would make it onto the final release. Fred refers to the tracks recorded during this period that didn’t make it to the album as the ‘Off The Record’ tracks, as if it were an album in itself.
On September 23, 2003, Results May Vary, their fourth album and last top ten recording, was released, with about half the songs featuring Mike Smith on guitar and about half having Limp Bizkit’s Sam Rivers on guitar. “Build a Bridge” has Brian “Head” Welch on guitar. The album was considered a commercial flop, breaking the group’s number-1 spree on the Billboard 200. It received platinum certification (1 million copies sold) in the United States after fourteen weeks on the charts. In comparison, their previous work Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water sold one million albums in its first week. Results May Vary appealed more to fans of Fred-written ballads with less of a hard rock emphasis than on previous releases. On the other hand, the album received generally poor reviews by critics.Although Rolling Stone’s review was generally positive, Playlouder called it ‘fucking crap’,Yahoo! Launch labeled it ‘a frightening insight into the vacuous state of 21st century culture,and another review stated that it ’suffered from an utter lack of form and direction.Nevertheless, an acoustic cover of The Who’s “Behind Blue Eyes” was a moderate hit on mainstream radio,and its video featured actress Halle Berry. “Eat You Alive” was released as the first single off the album, cracking the top 20 of both American rock charts with an accompanying video that features actress Thora Birch being berated. The album’s ballad Build a Bridge was the official theme song of WWE’s Survivor Series pay-per-view event in November 2003, although it was never released as an official single due to Mike Smith’s departure.Another song from the album, Almost Over, cracked the Rock Top 40. However it was never released as a single or video.
In 2003, Limp Bizkit toured on the Summer Sanitarium Tour 2003 with Metallica, Linkin Park, Deftones and Mudvayne to prmote Metallica’s 2003 release, St. Anger.

The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1) and Greatest Hitz (2004-2006)
Throughout July 2004, various rumors began circulating claiming that Wes Borland had been playing with the band again. By July 8, a fan site released an official report that Wes Borland was recording with the band in London. Photos appeared on the band’s official website of him playing with the band, and a live video of them playing a new song The Truth in studio was also posted on the website.
Durst said of Borland’s re-entry, “We are very content with Mike being gone. We are the type of people that stay true to our family and our instincts and at any moment will act on intuition as a whole. Mike wasn’t the guy. We had fun playing with him, but always knew, in the back of our minds, that he wasn’t where we needed him to be mentally.At this stage, they reverted back to the use of their original logo.
Two months prior to the release of their fifth album The Unquestionable Truth, a homemade pornographic film starring Fred Durst was leaked onto the Internet. The T Mobile Terrorist group claimed responsibility,although later Durst mentioned to MTV that it had been spotted by “a man who came to repair his computer” who then stole it and spread it about the net.Durst was later approached by a company asking him if he wanted to sell the film on the market, however Durst declined and filed a lawsuit against the thief.
The band returned to the studio with producer Ross Robinson, who had worked with them on Three Dollar Bill Y’All$, to create a seven track EP titled The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1). Drummer John Otto was only able to contribute to one track on the album due to personal matters, with Sammy Siegler providing percussion on the remaining tracks. Durst promised fans before its release that it would be a return to the ‘rawer, more abrasive style’ of their first album.
The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1) was released as a 7-track EP internationally on May 3, 2005 with little fanfare or advertising, debuting at number 24 on the Billboard 200 and selling only 37,000 copies in its first week. The mini-album eventually sold over 1,000,000 copies worldwide, but just slightly over 100,000 in the US.It also received mediocre reviews, with some critics thinking that Durst was trying too hard to imitate Rage Against the Machine’s lead singer Zack de la Rocha.
Limp Bizkit’s first greatest hits compilation, titled Greatest Hitz, was released on November 8, 2005. It contained material from the band’s first four albums (the track The Truth was released in some countries). An additional DVD, which featured music videos for most of their major hits, was released in conjunction with the CD. The album and DVD were heavily promoted by the band’s label, even to the point where Durst claimed he was being forced to do interviews about a compilation he wasn’t very excited about.
The promotion did not pay off, with the album debuting at number 47.
The compilation album featured 3 previously unreleased songs, “Why” and “Lean On Me”, which were acoustic/metal-based leftovers from Results May Vary, dropped for heavier songs[16], and a medley of The Verve’s “Bittersweet Symphony” and Mötley Crüe’s “Home Sweet Home”, which was released to radio but did not receive much airplay. Wes Borland stated that the CD was “a piece of shit and a waste of money”.

Future
The Unquestionable Truth (Part 2) (2007-Present)

Originally, the band began working on the album directly after finishing The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1), with Fred Durst even saying on the band’s official chat that Part 2 was finished before Part 1 was released.[9] It was scheduled to be released in fall 2005 (similar to System of a Down’s Mezmerize and Hypnotize).
After several months with no word, a new post on the band’s website stated the band intended to release a compilation album of the band’s favorite songs along with lots of brand new material as a ‘greatest hits’ album, followed by ‘a new full length album’ and ‘the greatest limp tour ever’. The band had already canceled the shows they were supposed to play for the release of The Unquestionable Truth due to personal issues specifically John Otto going to rehab.
Aside from the release of the Greatest Hitz in November, the entire rest of the year was stale for the band. There was virtually no relevant talk of Part 2. While Durst did numerous interviews, mostly with MTV, he seemed to simply repeat what had already been said, and provided no new insight on the album or its release date. He began speaking more and more of his interest in acting and directing, and less about releasing the album. Wes Borland seemed to be working on his solo effort in the meantime.
Eventually, Wes Borland shed some light on the situation, saying on his MySpace that the band had to write three records worth of material before they had gotten to a place where vocalist Fred Durst was happy with the music. They then recorded the music twice. Once with Sammy Siegler, and once with John Otto. Fred did vocals on six out of the 13 songs recorded, and for some reason stopped. Borland stressed the fact that lots of music had been recorded, but it was Fred’s fault in not recording any vocals.
With Borland being the only one around to give the answers, the fans soon pestered him, and he answered by saying that the band was on indefinite hiatus, and possibly even split up. He eventually revealed that he simply did not care about the release anymore, or the band as a whole. He was centered on his solo effort, Black Light Burns. He told fans that the album would never be coming out, and to give up hope. He also stated that while he had no future plans with the band whatsoever, he wouldn’t rule out a re-union.
Soon after Borland’s outbursts, Fred Durst appeared on MySpace as well, and contradicted what Borland had said. Durst insisted that the band was completely fine, and that the album was coming out after all. Borland stated how, if this was true, he simply was not informed. The two then began a series of MySpace wars where Durst stated that Borland only returned to the band for the money, and that the apologetic words he had shared earlier were insincere, among other things. Borland stated he felt like a scapegoat, and bid the other members of the band adieu for the time being, and went to work on his solo efforts.
Durst then took the stage to speak about the album. He continuously reassured the fans that the album was definitely coming out. The problem was that around this time, he was getting ready to direct his first movie, The Education of Charlie Banks. This meant that the band itself would continue to be on hiatus for months. In his free time, Durst went on the band’s MySpace and talked about things such as the direction the album is supposed to go in, how he continually was writing lyrics, as well as posting several unreleased tracks every once in a while so that the fans would keep faith in the band.
Late in the filming of the movie, Durst stated that he would begin editing and recording vocals for the album in Los Angeles on August 7.
Soon after, some fans were in contact with Gabe Karon, a close friend of the band who has been known to go on tour with them, and releases home videos of the band he calls ‘G Movies’. Gabe stated that the guitar, bass, and drums for the album are finished, and that only the vocals remain.Apparently, Durst had been editing his movie during the day, and then working on vocals for the album with DJ Lethal at night.
There has been little word from the band themselves, except for Fred Durst, who simply stated the vocals were ‘coming along fine’.
On September 10, 2006, Fred Durst stated that he was thinking of possibly changing the title of the album. Currently it is still The Unquestionable Truth (Part 2) but Durst says there are also several other possible titles.
Recently Gabe Karon posted a picture of Fred laying down vocals with the recorded date being July 27, 2007.

Band members
Current

* Fred Durst – Vocals
* Sam Rivers – Bass Guitar
* DJ Lethal – Turntables/keyboards/samples
* John Otto – Drums

Former
* Wes Borland – Guitar
* Mike Smith – Guitar (2003-2004)

Non-musical album appearances
* Les Claypool and Matt Pinfield – Outro Significant Other
* Ben Stiller – Outro Chocolate Starfish and the Hotdog Flavored Water

Discography
Main article: Limp Bizkit discography

Albums
* 1997 – Three Dollar Bill, Yall$
* 1999 – Significant Other
* 2000 – Chocolate Starfish and the Hotdog Flavored Water
* 2001 – New Old Songs
* 2003 – Results May Vary
* 2005 – The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1)
* (In Progress) – The Unquestionable Truth (Part 2)

Guest appearances in Limp Bizkit videos
* Sen Dog (Cypress Hill), Thom Hazaert (President – Corporate Punishment Records) Counterfeit
* Chino Moreno – Counterfeit [Lethal Dose Mix]
* Eminem, Dr. Dre, Jonathan Davis, Snoop Dogg, Pauly Shore, Seth Green and more – Break Stuff
* Ben Stiller, Stephen Dorff – Rollin’
* Bill Paxton, Thora Birch – Eat You Alive
* Halle Berry – Behind Blue Eyes
* Jonathan Davis, Fieldy, Head, Munky – Faith, footage from Family Values
* Matt Pinfield – Rearranged
* Method Man, Pauly Shore, Redman, DJ Premier – N 2 Gether Now
* Bubba Sparxxx, Timbaland – “Rearranged (Timbaland Mix)”

Guest appearances in other videos
* Fred Durst – Bow Wow, “Bow Wow That’s My Name”
* Fred Durst – Cold, “Give”
* Fred Durst – Eminem, “The Real Slim Shady”
* Fred Durst – Korn, “Falling Away from Me”
* Fred Durst – Korn, “Got the Life”
* Fred Durst – Methods of Mayhem, “Get Naked”
* Fred Durst – Puddle of Mudd, “Control”
* Fred Durst – Soulfly, “Bleed”
* Fred Durst – Staind, “Home”
* Fred Durst – Staind, “It’s Been Awhile”
* Fred Durst – Staind, “Just Go”
* Fred Durst – Staind, “Outside”
* Fred Durst – 8Ball & MJG|8Ball]], “Quit Playin Games”
* Fred Durst – Other artist, Whats Going On
* Mike Smith – Britney Spears, “I Love Rock ‘N Roll “
* Mike Smith – Five for Fighting, “Easy Tonight”
* Mike Smith – Staind, “Outside”
* Wes Borland – The Crystal Method, “Born Too Slow”
* DJ Lethal – Dilated Peoples, “Worst Comes To Worst”

References
1. a b Bush, John (2006). Limp Bizkit – Biography. All Music Guide. Retrieved on 2008-01-27.
2. “Limp Bizkit Pays For ‘Counterfeit’ Play”. MTV News, July 1, 1998; retrieved May 31, 2006.
3. “Organizers Blamed In Limp Bizkit Mosh-Pit Death”. MTV News November 8, 2002; retrieved May 31, 2006.
4. “Limp Bizkit Scouring 22 Cities For New Guitarist”. MTV News, December 21, 2001; retrieved May 31, 2006.
5. “WrestleMania® XIX this Sunday”. World Wrestling Entertainment press release, March 28, 2003; retrieved May 31, 2006.
6. “EXCLUSIVE: Fred Durst Interview”. thearmpit.net August 15, 2004; retrieved May 31, 2006.
7. “Fred Durst Says Sex Video Was Stolen From His Computer”. MTV News, February 25, 2005; retrieved May 31, 2006.
8. Moss, Corey. “Limp Bizkit: What Happened?”. MTV News; retrieved May 31, 2006.

See also
* Big Dumb Face
* Black Light Burns
* From First to Last

External links
* Official Site
* Label Website
* Official RSS Feed
* Limp Bizkit at MySpace
* Fan Site

Limp Bizkit
Fred Durst · Sam Rivers · John Otto · DJ Lethal
Wes Borland – Mike Smith · Rob Waters · Scott Borland · Terry Balsamo
Albums – Mental Aquaducts · Three Dollar Bill, Yall$ · Significant Other · Chocolate Starfish and the Hot Dog Flavored Water · New Old Songs · Results May Vary · The Unquestionable Truth (Part 1) · Greatest Hitz · The Unquestionable Truth (Part 2)
Singles – Counterfeit · Faith · Nookie · Re-Arranged · N 2 Gether Now · Break Stuff · My Generation · Rollin’ (Air Raid Vehicle) · Take a Look Around · Boiler · My Way · Eat You Alive · Behind Blue Eyes · Home Sweet Home-Bittersweet Symphony
Related articles – Discography · Black Light Burns.

KORN (Nu Metal’s HEROS)

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KORN(sometimes typeset as KoЯn) is a band from Bakersfield, California, and are credited with creating and popularizing the nu metal genre. Along with other bands at the time, they have also inspired many nu metal and alternative metal bands throughout the mid 1990s and early 2000s.

The band’s catalogue consists of nine consecutive debuts in the top ten of the Billboard 200,including a compilation album, Greatest Hits Vol.1, and their untitled eighth album, released on July 31, 2007. To date, Korn has sold over 30 million albums worldwide, including 16.5 million in the U.S.,whilst earning six Grammy nominations—two of which they have won.

History
Formation, Neidermeyer’s Mind demo, Korn (1993-1995)
Korn formed after the group L.A.P.D. folded, due to singer Richard Morrill’s drug addiction. Musicians Reginald Arvizu, James Shaffer, and David Silveria wanted to continue, and so recruited the guitarist Brian Welch and then began the search for a new lead singer. One night in 1993, Welch and Shaffer were in a nightclub together, and were intending to stay for only a few minutes. This changed once a band called Sexart took to the stage. They were intrigued by the singer, Jon Davis, and approached him after the gig was finished. At first, Davis didn’t want the position of their lead singer, but after consulting a psychic who told him he would be stupid not to do it, he signed on. The group found they were quite cohesive early on, thus forming a new band by the name of Korn. Welch then took the pseudonym “Head”, Arvizu became “Fieldy”, and Shaffer became “Munky”.
Later in 1993, Korn began a working process with friend and producer Ross Robinson. Neidermeyer’s Mind was released that same year, containing 4 songs: “Predictable,” “Blind”, “Daddy”, and “Alive”. “Blind” was originally written by Davis and Sexart, but was revised with new lyrics. Korn had problems getting signed during its first year, due to the 1990s rock scene, which was primarily grunge. After many attempts at a record deal, Paul Pontius from Immortal/Epic Records heard the band in a nightclub. He was so impressed with the band that he signed them on the spot.With a producer and a label, Korn started work on their self-titled debut album.
Musically, its tracks mix both heavy metal and hip hop/funk, the latter of which in rhythms and beats. It also features scat vocals on the song “Ball Tongue”, and bagpipes on the song “Shoots and Ladders”. These two elements would later become a vital representation of Korn’s trademark sound. “Blind” was the first single from the album, and would gradually become one of their most recognizable and respected songs, closing almost every live show in recent years.
Once Korn saw a release on October 11, 1994, the band toured incessantly with no support from radio or video stations. They relied solely on their intensive live shows, which created a large cultlike following of dedicated fans.It was through the effort of this fanbase that helped push Korn onto the Billboard 200, eventually peaking at #72 in 1996,with “Shoots and Ladders” being their first Grammy nomination for Best Metal Performance.
On their first large tour, Korn opened for Danzig alongside Marilyn Manson. Other bands for which Korn opened in 1995 included Megadeth, 311, Fear Factory, Flotsam and Jetsam, and KMFDM. However, the first tour that widely exposed the band was opening for Ozzy Osbourne alongside the Deftones. After opening for lesser-known bands such as Dimestore Hoods, Sugar Ray (at the time), and Life of Agony, Korn returned to the studio to record a second album.

Life Is Peachy (1996-1997)
Korn teamed up with Robinson once again for their second album, Life Is Peachy, released on October 15, 1996. It presents a much grittier, stripped-down sound than its predecessor,possibly due to time constraints. There were plenty of diverse songs on this record: “Porno Creep” features a wah-drenched pseudo-funk sound, similar to many 1970s porn movies. Korn also recorded two covers, those being War’s “Low Rider”, with Davis’ bagpipes and Head on vocals, and Ice Cube’s “Wicked”, with guest vocalist Chino Moreno of Deftones.
To help promote their new album, Korn opened for Metallica, along with utilizing one of the newest resources available—the Internet. Such strategies worked, as Life Is Peachy sold more than 106,000 copies in its first week and reached #3 on the Billboard 200.The first single, “No Place to Hide”, spawned a Grammy nomination for Best Metal Performance.A.D.I.D.A.S.” was the second single and only music video, seemingly in reference to the popular clothing line. In actuality, the song title was an acronym for “All Day I Dream About Sex”, as apparent in the lyrics.
Another key factor in raising the band’s popularity was co-headlining the Lollapalooza music festival in 1997 with Tool. However, Korn were forced to drop off the bill after Munky was diagnosed with viral meningitis.Also that year, Korn augmented their growing crossover appeal by collaborating with Los Angeles-based production and remix duo the Dust Brothers on the track “Kick the P.A.”. This track appeared on the motion picture soundtrack of the film Spawn.
In late 1997, Korn formed their own record label, Elementree Records. The first signing was Videodrone,whose singer, Ty Elam, is credited for giving Jonathan Davis singing lessons.Orgy, however, released their debut album prior to Videodrone’s, giving Elementree its first Platinum certification.Orgy’s guitarist, Ryan Shuck, is known for playing alongside Davis and Elam in the band Sexart. Over the next few years, Korn signed other acts like rapper Marz and Deadsy.
Follow the Leader, mainstream success (1998-1999)
Prior to the release of the band’s third album, Korn produced a weekly online TV show, KornTV, which documented the making of the record and featured special guests such as porn star Ron Jeremy, Limp Bizkit, and 311. The project also gave fans the chance to call in and ask the band questions—an approach that represented one of the first times a band utilized the Internet in such a way. Korn released their third album, Follow the Leader, on August 18, 1998, which featured a number of guest vocalists such as Ice Cube, Tre Hardson from the Pharcyde, Fred Durst of Limp Bizkit and actor Cheech Marin on the hidden track “Earache My Eye” (written by Marin himself).
Korn launched a political campaign-style tour to promote the release of Follow the Leader.The tour took the group, on a chartered jet, all over North America to spread the news of Follow the Leader. They talked to fans and answered questions during special “fan conferences”, which were organized at every stop along the tour route, and signed autographs. Jim Rose hosted the entire “Kampaign” tour.
The album was a complete success, debuting at #1 on Billboard with 268,000 copies sold,and spawning the singles “Got the Life” and “Freak on a Leash”. They both exposed Korn to a wider, mainstream audience, with the music videos being mainstays on MTV’s Total Request Live. “Got the Life” was the show’s very first “retired” video, with “Freak on a Leash” reaching that same success months later.[18] These songs also fared well on Billboard, with “Freak on a Leash” peaking in the top 10 of both Mainstream Rock and Modern Rock, the latter of which it spent 27 weeks on—more than any other Korn single to date.
Greg Capullo, long-time Spawn penciler, drew the cover art for Follow the Leader. The animated bullet segments in the video for “Freak on a Leash” were directed by Todd McFarlane (creator of the Spawn comic book and a former artist for Spider-Man comics). The live action in the video, directed by Jonathan Dayton and Valerie Faris, used innovative techniques which allowed the camera to follow a bullet in flight through various scenes.
“Freak on a Leash” won a Grammy for Best Music Video, Short Form, and received a nomination for Best Hard Rock Performance.The video also earned nine MTV Video Music Awards nominations for Video of the Year, Best Rock Video, Breakthrough Video, Best Direction, Best Special Effects, Best Art Direction, Best Cinematography, Best Editing, and Viewer’s Choice.It eventually won two, for Best Rock Video and Best Editing. Follow the Leader is the band’s most commercially-successful album, being certified 5x Platinum by the RIAA and having sold almost ten million copies worldwide.
The same year Follow the Leader was released, Korn started their own annual tour called the Family Values Tour. Korn headlined the highly-successful tour along with Incubus, Orgy, Limp Bizkit, Ice Cube, and Rammstein. A live CD and DVD were released and earned Gold and Platinum certifications, respectively. In 1999, Limp Bizkit headlined, along with Primus, Staind, The Crystal Method, Method Man & Redman, and Filter. Korn were not featured on the bill and instead only made surprise appearances at a few of the stops to perform their first single off of their next album. The tour took a break in 2000.

Issues (1999-2001)
The band’s fourth album, Issues, produced by Brendan O’Brien, was released on November 16, 1999, featuring cover art designed by Alfredo Carlos, who won a contest held for the fans by MTV.Issues was released during a week of many highly-anticipated records. It debuted at #1 on the Billboard 200 with more than 573,000 copies sold,keeping Dr. Dre’s long-awaited album 2001 and Celine Dion’s greatest hits album from hitting #1.
To celebrate the album’s release, the band performed the record in its entirety in front of a live audience at New York’s historic Apollo Theater and broadcast the concert simultaneously across many radio stations.This performance made Korn the first rock band, and only the second predominantly white musical group, to ever perform at The Apollo, after the legendary Buddy Holly in the late 1950s. This special event featured the NYPD marching drum and bagpipe band conducted by Richard Gibbs as well as a group of back-up singers to enhance the more melodic choruses Davis used on the album.
Earlier that year, Korn had appeared on an episode of South Park, titled Korn’s Groovy Pirate Ghost Mystery, in which the first single from Issues, “Falling Away from Me”, was premiered.Korn released two more singles off of Issues, “Make Me Bad” and “Somebody Someone”, both of which fared well on Billboard. Videos were shot for all three singles, with longtime friend Fred Durst directing “Falling Away from Me”, and Martin Weisz directing a concept video for “Make Me Bad”, as well as a performance video for “Somebody Someone”, which featured CGI effects. Every video was a staple on Total Request Live, two of which made it to retirement.Issues is considered by some critics to be less hip hop-influenced and closer to alternative metal than nu metal.It was certified 3x Platinum, following up the success of Follow the Leader.
In 2000, Jonathan Davis commissioned Swiss surreal artist H. R. Giger to create a special microphone stand. The idea was suggested to him by one of his friends who knew that Davis was a fan of his artwork. He started doing some sketches of plantlike snakes and vertebrae mixed with technical elements. Davis called him from his dressing room and told him that he had complete freedom to design the microphone stand as he wanted and his only concern was that it had be totally functional and as movable as possible, as well as bio-mechanical and erotic. The band visited his museum and met him in July of 2000 while they were touring in Europe. The bio-mechanical microphone stand was finished in 2001.It was introduced to fans one year later during Korn’s Untouchables tour.

Untouchables (2002-2003)
On June 12, 2002, after a year and a half of hard work and a long creative process, Korn re-emerged into the media spotlight with their fifth album, Untouchables. It debuted at #2 on the Billboard 200 with 434,000 in sales.Sales were disappointing in comparison to the first four albums, as Untouchables has only been certified Platinum once. The band has blamed Internet piracy for the drop in sales, as an unmastered version of the album had leaked three months prior to its official release date.
The release of this album was preceded by a show at the Hammerstein Ballroom in New York, a day prior to the album’s release, broadcast digitally throughout U.S. movie theatres.Untouchables featured electronic beats, strings and various guitar effects the band had never used in an album before. The overall feel was drastically different from previous efforts, particularly tracks like “Alone I Break”, “Hating”, and “Hollow Life”, which singer Jonathan Davis claims is one of his favorite Korn songs to this day.
The first two videos from Untouchables were directed by the Hughes Brothers (best known for their films, Menace II Society and From Hell). The first video, “Here to Stay”, has the band playing inside a TV with a static background along with controversial news stories and world issues being presented. The song itself earned Korn a Grammy for Best Metal Performance,and would become their highest-peaking single on Billboard’s Modern Rock chart.The second video, “Thoughtless”, was a nod back to Davis’ childhood as the character in the video (previously featured in the first Vanilla Coke commercial) is picked on and constantly beaten. The character ultimately gains revenge in a rather grotesque but deserving way. Although “Thoughtless” would be one of the more popular tracks on the album, it did not appear on Greatest Hits Vol.1. The third video for Untouchables, “Alone I Break,” was directed by Sean Dack, who won the honor of directing the video through an MTV contest. The video kept with the darkness of Korn, showing Davis killing off the members of the band after a supposed mistake made by Munky while they were performing. The band admitted it would have been more fun to do the video had the director been an actual Korn fan.
Prior to their next album, Korn released the single “Did My Time” on July 22, 2003,which was used to promote the film Lara Croft Tomb Raider: The Cradle of Life. Angelina Jolie appeared in the Dave Meyers-directed video. Due to scheduling conflicts, however, the band and Jolie recorded their parts separately. “Did My Time” also gave Korn yet another Grammy nomination in the Best Metal Performance category.
Take a Look in the Mirror, Greatest Hits, Head’s departure (2003-2005)
Korn’s sixth album, Take a Look in the Mirror, was released on November 21, 2003,four days earlier than originally planned. Korn produced the album themselves, and released “Right Now”, “Y’All Want a Single”, and “Everything I’ve Known” as singles. “Right Now” and “Everything I’ve Known” had animated music videos, whereas “Y’All Want a Single” featured Korn and a large group of fans destroying a record store. The album peaked at #9 on Billboard, selling over 179,000 copies in its first full week.
Korn released their greatest hits album, Greatest Hits Vol.1, on October 5, 2004. The album debuted at #4 on Billboard, selling more than 129,000 copies.It featured two cover songs as singles, and a compilation of the band’s hits from the past 10 years. The first single was a cover of the song “Word Up!”, which was originally made popular by the group Cameo. The second single was a medley of all three parts of Pink Floyd’s “Another Brick in the Wall”. A remix of their hit single “Freak on a Leash” was also included as a bonus track. Special editions of the album included a DVD titled Korn: Live at CBGB featuring seven select songs from their November 24, 2003 show at CBGB.
Prior to Korn starting work on their next album, Brian “Head” Welch announced that he had “…chosen the Lord Jesus Christ as his savior, and will be dedicating his musical pursuits to that end”,and was formally leaving Korn. Initial speculations that this was a hoax or practical joke were proven wrong; he has turned highly spiritual, even being baptized in the Jordan River and speaking openly about his faith and conversion, especially on his website Head to Christ. This was the band’s first line-up change in their history.
Several weeks following his departure, Welch had mentioned a solo album was in the works, although there was no release date given, nor had he signed on with a record label.He has since signed with Fortitude Music. However, his album has failed to meet two release dates, including as recently as July 7, 2007. It was revealed in a July 6 interview that the album is still in the mixing process.

See You on the Other Side, EMI/Virgin (2005-2006)
Upon completing their record deal with Sony, Korn partnered with EMI and signed to Virgin Records. As part of this innovative arrangement, Virgin paid Korn $25 million upfront in exchange for a share in the profits of their next two studio albums, including tours and merchandising. Virgin also received a 30 percent stake in the band’s licensing, ticket sales and other revenue sources.
The band’s first album for Virgin, See You on the Other Side, was released on December 6, 2005, and debuted on #3 on the Billboard 200, scanning close to 221,000 copies.The album managed to stay in the top 100 of the Billboard 200 for 34 consecutive weeks. The first single off of the album, “Twisted Transistor”, was accompanied by a comedic video directed by Dave Meyers in which rap stars Xzibit, Lil’ Jon, Snoop Dogg, and David Banner portray Korn. The single itself peaked at #3 on Billboard’s Mainstream Rock Tracks, Korn’s highest entry thus far, and #9 on Modern Rock.The second single, “Coming Undone”, had its performance-based video directed by Little X, who previously helmed only hip hop and R&B videos. See You on the Other Side is certified Platinum, and has sold over two million copies worldwide.
Korn held a press conference at the Hollywood Forever Cemetery on January 13, 2006, announcing the See You on the Other Side Tour.[39] 10 Years and Mudvayne were selected to open all dates of the trek, which kicked off in their hometown of Bakersfield, on what Mayor Harvey Hall officially declared as “Korn Day”, February 26.The resurrection of their Family Values Tour was announced on April 18, 2006, which featured co-headliners Deftones, Stone Sour, Flyleaf, and Dir en grey on the main stage.Korn and Evanescence co-headlined the 2007 edition, with Atreyu, 2006 alumni Flyleaf, Hellyeah, and Trivium rounding out the main stage.While promoting See You on the Other Side in Europe, Jonathan Davis was diagnosed with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura, a blood platelet disorder that hospitalized him for the weekend and prevented him from performing at the renowned Download Festival.The band still performed, with guest singers including Corey Taylor of Slipknot/Stone Sour fame, Skindred’s Benji Webbe, and Avenged Sevenfold’s M. Shadows. This led to Korn canceling the rest of their European bill for 2006,including the Hellfest Summer Open Air. It was originally unknown to the public what his ailment was, but the singer revealed in a letter to fans that he was “dangerously low on blood platelets and at a high risk of death from a hemorrhage if the problem was not treated”.His illness did not affect the 2006 Family Values Tour.
Untitled album, MTV Unplugged, David Silveria’s hiatus (2006-present)
Korn performed at the MTV studios in Times Square on December 9, 2006, for the MTV Unplugged series, which was broadcast on February 23, 2007, through MTV.com and on March 2, 2007, across North American, South American, European and Asian MTV stations. In front of a crowd of approximately 50 people, Korn played a 14-song acoustic set complete with guest appearances by The Cure and Amy Lee of Evanescence. The performance was eventually cut down to 11 songs for the album, two of which did not air on MTV. Sales of nearly 51,000 brought MTV Unplugged: Korn to #9 in its first week out.The disc has yet to receive a Gold or Platinum certification.
Korn’s untitled eighth album was released on July 31, 2007, debuting at #2 with 123,000 copies in its first week.The album has been certified Gold for shipments in excess of 500,000 copies.It also concludes Korn’s unique deal with Virgin Records, and features touring keyboardist Zac Baird, giving the tracks a deeper, atmospheric sound.Drumming duties were left up to Terry Bozzio, Jonathan Davis, and Bad Religion’s Brooks Wackerman, as David Silveria went on a hiatus for the untitled album and its touring cycle.So far, “Evolution” and “Hold On” have been released as singles, each charting on Billboard’s Mainstream Rock Tracks at #4 and #12, respectively.

Recent events
Ubisoft reported in October that “Korn has written and recorded an original song inspired by Ubisoft’s upcoming Haze video game”, simply entitled “Haze”,due for release on July 1, 2008. As a first in the video game industry, “Haze” will be released and promoted as a full-fledged single and music video, not just as an exclusive download with the video game.
Korn is currently in Europe for the second leg of the Bitch We Have a Problem Tour, with drummer Ray Luzier of David Lee Roth and Army of Anyone fame,leading up to a Latin American and Australian run, plus festival dates in the United Arab Emirates and South Africa.The band will take another break in May, before deciding whether to begin their ninth album,or headline another Family Values Tour.Korn was nominated, along with 31 other artists, for the Best of 2007 by Fuse in November 2007. They ended up making it to the final round, but lost to 30 Seconds to Mars by roughly 200,000 votes. Munky has also revealed that he has recently gotten back in touch with original Korn drummer David Silveria. However, details of their conversation are currently unknown.Korn announced on their website on January 16, 2008 that Munky is leaving the tour due to “personal and family reasons.”onathan Davis stated that they will continue the tour. An administrator at Korn.com has dismissed rumors of Munky leaving the band.Lastly, Shane Gibson has confirmed on the fansite Kornspace.com that Munky’s father has fallen ill.Shane Gibson is currently filling in for Munky; Rob Patterson was flown to London to take over for Shane Gibson’s spot as the touring guitarist.

Lineup
Current members

* Jonathan Davis – vocals, bagpipes, drums (1993 – present)
* James “Munky” Shaffer – guitar (1993 – present)
* Reginald “Fieldy” Arvizu – bass (1993 – present)

Previous members
* Brian “Head” Welch – guitar, backing vocals (1993-2005; left the band for reasons pertaining to drugs, family, and Christianity)
* David Silveria – drums (1993-2006)

Backup band

Main article: Korn’s backup band
The backing band only plays live shows with Korn. None of the members of the backing band are considered official members of Korn. For most of 2005, they wore animal masks based on the See You on the Other Side artwork to help better distinguish them as the backup band. Since the beginning of 2007, the members have performed unmasked but occasionally have their faces painted black and white with unique designs.
This is current line up of the backup band:

* Shane Gibson – guitar
* Rob Patterson[61] – guitar
* Kalen Chase – backing vocals, percussion
* Zac Baird – keyboards
* Ray Luzier – drums

Discography
Main article: Korn discography* 1994: Korn
* 1996: Life Is Peachy
* 1998: Follow the Leader
* 1999: Issues
* 2002: Untouchables
* 2003: Take a Look in the Mirror
* 2005: See You on the Other Side
* 2007: Untitled album

Genre
Korn can be credited for creating the nu metal genre, though the group has often said they don’t like to be put in that category themselves. When asked of his opinion on Korn being dubbed the first “nu metal” band, Jonathan Davis replied:

“We’ve spawned a lot of clones, but let me explain… Well, I hate the nu metal term. We have always just been a band that rocks. We didn’t like when people called us a metal band, we are just Korn. People just use these terms when they cannot describe something, but nu metal… when so many bands started making music that sounded like us, that is when nu metal was born. We don’t have anything to do with it for real, I feel. I wouldn’t wanna call Red Hot Chili Peppers a funk band, and we are not metal or nu metal, we are Korn. [Nu metal] is just a term that doesn’t mean anything.”

Influence on other artists
Creating an “inventive fusion of death metal, hip hop, goth and electronica” (described as such by a Kerrang! interviewer), over the years Korn has influenced a number of artists, including:

* Limp Bizkit – Vocalist Fred Durst has cited lead singer Jonathan Davis as a major inspiration.
* Evanescence – Vocalist Amy Lee cited Untouchables as one of her all-time favorite albums.# Evanescence played a cover of “Thoughtless” during their live performances through 2004. The cover is featured on Evanescence’s 2004 live CD/DVD Anywhere But Home. Lee joined Korn and sang duet with Jonathan Davis in an unplugged rendition of “Freak on a Leash”, which is featured on MTV Unplugged: Korn.
* Slipknot – Guitarists Mick Thompson and Jim Root play down-tuned guitars directly influenced by Munky and Head. Joey Jordison stated that he created the Slipknot logo based on Korn’s.
Staind – Frontman Aaron Lewis cited the band’s eponymous album and Jonathan Davis’ emotional attitude as one of his biggest influences

External links
* Korn.com − official website
* Korn Music Club − official fan club
* Korn at MySpace
* Korn at Last.fm

System of A down(Nu Metal’s HEROS) – PROGRESSIVE METAL BAND
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System of a Down (commonly referred to as System or abbreviated as SOAD) is a four-piece American rock band, formed in 1995 in Glendale, California. All four members are of Armenian descent, grandsons of Armenian Genocide survivors, and are widely known for their outspoken views found in many of their songs.

System of a Down has achieved commercial success over five albums, with singles such as “Chop Suey!”, “Aerials”, “B.Y.O.B.”, “Question!, “Toxicity” and “Sugar”‘. Their works have earned them one Grammy Award amongst three nominations.

System of a Down is a part of the Axis of Justice, a non-profit organization formed by band member Serj Tankian (along with Tom Morello), dedicated to bringing together musicians, music fans, and grassroots political organizations to fight for social justice.

Contents
History

* 1.1 – Soil (1993–1995)
* 1.2 – In the beginning (1995–1997)
* 1.3 – Debut album (1998–2000)
* 1.4 – Toxicity, Steal This Album! (2001–2003)
* 1.5 – Mezmerize / Hypnotize (2004–2005)
* 1.6 – Hiatus and future of the band (2006–present)
* 2 – Style and influences
* 3 – Band members
* 3.1 – Current members
* 3.2 – Former members
* 3.3 – Studio, guest, tour, and extra members
* 4 – Discography
* 4.1 – Studio albums
* 5 – References
* 6 – External links

History
Soil (1993–1995)

The roots of System of a Down lie in the band Soil (not to be confused with the current band SOiL), a group from Los Angeles that included Serj Tankian on vocals/keyboard, and Daron Malakian on vocals/guitar, as well as Dave Hakopyan (Bassist for Mt. Helium) on bass and Domingo Laranio (Local Hawaii Drummer) on drums. Shavo Odadjian joined Soil near their end as a guitarist. After three years, only one live show, and one jam session recording, the band split up.

In the beginning (1995–1997)

After Soil split up, Serj and Daron formed a new band, System of a Down, based on a poem that Daron wrote. The poem’s title was “Victims of the Down”but Shavo Odadjian,who was originally the band’s manager and promoter, didn’t like the word and thought the word “System” sounded better. Ever since Shavo joined as bassist, managerial duties have been undertaken by the Velvet Hammer Music and Management Group and founder David “Beno” Benveniste. The band then found a drummer, Andy Khachaturian. System of a Down quickly made what is known as their early Untitled 1995 Demo Tape, which had very early recordings of “Mr. Jack” (called “PIG”), along with songs called “Flake”, “Toast” and an early recording of “The Metro”, a cover of the Berlin song of the same name. It is rumored that there are other tapes made, which contain early recordings of “Friik”, “36″ (called “.36″), and “Roulette”. Two other songs, “X” (called “Multiply”) and “Honey” were live demos at the time and were played at very early shows.After this, the band recorded Demo Tape 1, which had early versions of “Sugar”, “Suite-Pee”, and “P.L.U.C.K.”, as well as “Dam.” Demo Tape 2 was released in 1996 and had a rough demo of the song “Soil” as well as the most known unreleased tracks such as “Honey” and “Temper.” At the beginning of 1997, SOAD recorded their final publicly-released demo tape, Demo Tape 3, which had rough versions of “Peephole”, “War?”, and “Know.” In mid 1997, Ontronik Khachaturian left the band due to a hand injury. Soon after playing at the Whisky-A-Go-Go and Viper Room with new drummer John Dolmayan, producer Rick Rubin caught the band’s attention and told them to keep in touch with him. Showing great interest, they recorded Demo Tape 4 near the end of that year. This demo, however, was made only to be sent to record companies. The tape was not released to the public until years later when it was leaked onto the Internet. After Rick helped them get signed onto American/Columbia Records, SOAD began to record in his studio. In 1997 SOAD won the Best Signed Band award from the Rock City Awards.Prior to 1998, SOAD’s live shows were called “The Dark Red Experience”

Debut album (1998–2000)
In the summer of 1998, System of a Down released their debut album, System of a Down. They enjoyed moderate success with their first single “Sugar” becoming a radio favorite, followed by the single “Spiders”. After the release of the album, System of a Down toured extensively, opening for Slayer before making their way to the second stage of Ozzfest. Following Ozzfest, they toured with Fear Factory and Incubus before headlining the Sno-Core tour with Puya, Mr. Bungle, The Cat and Incubus providing support. System was scheduled to play the 1999 Family Values Tour, but were kicked off by Fred Durst over his inability to sign the band Taproot. Fred Durst has since admitted that he was a “complete wanker” in relation to this “oversight”The band have yet to comment on Durst’s involvement or commentary. In 2000, the group contributed their cover of the Black Sabbath song “Snowblind” to the Sabbath tribute album Nativity in Black 2.

Toxicity, Steal This Album! (2001–2003)

The group’s big break arrived when their second album Toxicity debuted at #1 on the American and Canadian charts, eventually achieving multi-platinum certification. The album has since sold 6 million copies worldwide. It was still on top in America on the week of the September 11, 2001 attacks and the political environment caused by the attacks added to the controversy surrounding their hit single “Chop Suey!” causing it to be taken off the radio as it contained politically sensitive lyrics at the time such as “(I don’t think you) trust in my self-righteous suicide.” Regardless, the video gained constant play on MTV as did the second single, “Toxicity”. Even with the controversy surrounding “Chop Suey!” which earned a Grammy nomination, System of a Down still received constant airplay in the United States throughout late 2001 and 2002 with “Toxicity ” and “Aerials”. In May 2006, VH1 listed Toxicity in the #14 slot in the 40 Greatest Metal Songs.

In 2001, the band went on tour with Slipknot in the United States and Mexico. After seeing the success of the tour, System and Slipknot went on a Pledge of Allegiance Tour with Rammstein in 2002. In late 2001, a few unreleased tracks made their way onto the Internet. The group released a statement that the tracks were unfinished material. Soon after, the band released the final versions of the songs, which were recorded at the same time, but hadn’t been used for Toxicity. The result was Steal This Album!, released in November 2002. Steal This Album! resembled a burnable CD that was marked with a felt-tip marker. 50,000 special copies of the album with different CD designs were also released, each designed by a different member of the band. The name of the album is a reference to Abbie Hoffman’s counter-culture book, Steal This Book and as a message to those who stole the songs and released them on the Internet. “Steal This Album was the lowest rated album that we had ever made” Dolmayan said in an interview. The song “Innervision” was released as a promo single and received constant airplay on alternative radio. A video for “Boom!” was filmed with director Michael Moore as a protest against the War in Iraq.

Mezmerize / Hypnotize (2004–2005)
From 2004 to 2005, the group produced a double album, Mezmerize / Hypnotize with the two parts released six months apart. The first album, Mezmerize, was released on May 17, 2005, to favorable reviews by critics. It debuted at #1 in the United States, Canada, Australia and all around the world, making it System of a Down’s second #1 album. First week sales rocketed to over 800,000 copies worldwide.The Grammy Award-winning single “B.Y.O.B.”, which questions the integrity of war, worked its way up the Billboard Modern Rock and Mainstream Rock charts. The next single, “Question!” was released with Shavo Odadjian co-directing the music video. Following the release of Mezmerize, the band toured extensively throughout the United States and Canada with The Mars Volta and Bad Acid Trip supporting.

The second part of the double album, Hypnotize, was released on November 22, 2005. Like Mezmerize, it debuted at #1 in the US, making System of a Down, along with the Beatles, Guns ‘N Roses, and rappers 2Pac and DMX, the only artists to ever have two studio albums debut at #1 in the same year.

In February 2006, SOAD won the Grammy for Best Hard Rock Performance for “B.Y.O.B.”, beating out other established artists such as Nine Inch Nails and Robert Plant. Their second single off the Hypnotize album, “Lonely Day” was released in March in the United States. System of a Down released “Kill Rock ‘N Roll” and “Vicinity of Obscenity” as their next promo singles. The band headlined Ozzfest 2006 in cities where tour founder Ozzy Osbourne opted not to appear or wasn’t playing on the main stage.

Hiatus and future of the band (2006–present)
In May 2006, the band announced they were going on hiatus. Daron Malakian has confirmed the break will probably last a few years, but it was Shavo who in an interview with Guitar magazine said it will last at least 3 years, but insists that the band would not be splitting up. He told MTV, “We’re not breaking up. If that was the case, we wouldn’t be doing this Ozzfest. We’re going to take a very long break after Ozzfest and do our own things. We’ve done System for over ten years, and I think it’s healthy to take a rest.”

During their performance in Houston, Texas, Malakian also took a moment to say, “There’s been a lot of rumors about us breaking up. Well don’t fuckin’ listen to them. Us four right here, we will always be System of a Down!”However, Malakian announced he was forming a band called Scars on Broadway, which has since been joined by Dolmayan, and will work on its debut album during autumn. Odadjian will be working on a project with RZA of Wu-Tang Clan named Achozen as well as his UrSession website/record label. Tankian plans to keep recording as a solo artist/producer with his first single being Empty Walls off his first album Elect the Dead which was released on October 23, 2007, while Dolmayan, on top of Scars on Broadway, plans to open a comic book store online, which should be up online in November 2007.

System of a Down’s final performance before their hiatus took place on August 13, 2006 in West Palm Beach, Florida. “Tonight will be the last show we play for a long time together”, Malakian told the crowd during Sunday’s last performance. “We’ll be back. We just don’t know when.”It was stated by Sharon Osbourne that System of a Down was paid “about $325,000 a show.”
System of a Down’s songs were used in the 2006 film “Screamers” by Carla Garapedian. They appeared in the movie, in an interview talking about the importance of helping create awareness and recognition of the Armenian Genocide. “Screamers” debuted in theaters in large city markets such as New York City, Detroit, Washington D.C., San Francisco, Fresno, Providence, and Boston. An earlier engagement started exclusively in Los Angeles on [December 8], 2006.

System of a Down was honored at the USC v. Cal game at the Los Angeles Coliseum in Los Angeles, CA in 2006. The Spirit of Troy also known as the Trojan Marching Band performed three System of a Down songs. The marching band was kind enough to play “Toxicity” along with John Dolmayan and Shavo Odadjian.

Tankian recently said that he has wanted to work on his “solo record for years”. As for the future of the band, he said that he does not know whether System of a Down is over or not. He also stated that “maybe in a few years” the band would “want to make another album. It’s impossible to tell right now. It’ll be later down the line; then we’ll be able to tell what might happen.”

Bassist Shavo Odadjian was recently revealed to be directing the first video for the comeback of the hardcore punk band, Bad Brains.

For the 2007 Grammys, System of a Down was nominated for Best Hard Rock Performance for “Lonely Day”, but lost to Wolfmother and their song “Woman”.

Shavo Odadjian recently told Launch Radio Networks that System of a Down is “alive and well”.

We’re just not working together right now. We kind of like split up at first, but you know, we’re brothers, man, we’ll take bullets for each other. So it’s like, you kind of miss each other after a while and you, one guy makes the first move, then another starts making phone calls….this is a juggernaut, man. System of a Down is my lifeline. It’ll never go away. We could not make a record for 10 years — that’s not gonna happen, but I’m just saying we could — and we’ll come back strong.

Style and influences
The stylistic variety and level of experimentation in System of a Down’s music have made it difficult to describe. Though they have evolved their sound with each album, System of a Down has, for the most part, maintained a single style throughout their body of work. This style mixes elements and influences from a wide variety of genres such as alternative rock, punk rock, folk music, psychedelic music, classic metal, thrash metal, and progressive rock. This has made them difficult to categorize, prompting the press to describe them with several different genre handles, among them alternative metal,hard rock,nu metal and progressive metal.
The band has used a wide range of instruments, including electric mandolins, baritone electric guitars, acoustic guitars, ouds, sitars and twelve string guitars. Furthermore, a variety of keyboards and synthesizers have been used on live shows. Drop C tuning was used exclusively on the first three albums, with later records mostly relying on drop Db tuning.
The band has cited Middle Eastern music as one of its influencesand mentioned on several accounts that they appreciate The Beatles and Kiss.On their own style, Odadjian said “I don’t think we sound like anybody else. I consider us System of a Down.” and Dolmayan stated “You can compare us to whoever you want. I don’t care. Comparisons and labels have no effect on this band. Fact is fact: We are who we are and they are who they are.”

Band members
Current members

* Serj Tankian – lead vocals, keyboard, rhythm guitar (1995–2006; hiatus)
* Daron Malakian – vocals, lead guitar (1995–2006; hiatus)
* Shavo Odadjian – bass guitar, backing vocals (1995–2006; hiatus)
* John Dolmayan – drums, percussion (1997–2006; hiatus)

Former members
* Andy Khachaturian – drums, percussion (1995–1997)

Studio, guest, tour, and extra members
* Harry Perry – rhythm guitar (played rhythm guitar live on the Ozzfest 2006 Tour)
* Abe Cunningham – drums (played drums during a live performance of “Science” live in Sacramento, CA October 1, 2005)
* Charlie Benante – drums (played drums during a live performance of “Bounce” live @ the Allstate Arena September 30, 2005)
* Kirk Hammett – guitar (played guitar during a live performance of “Aerials” live @ the Hollywood Palladium November 15, 2003)
* Arto Tunçboyacıyan – vocals, additional instruments (Toxicity and Steal This Album!)
* Joey Jordison – drums (played drums live on October 31, 2001)
* Rick Rubin – piano (Sugar E.P., System of a Down and Toxicity)
* Wu-Tang Clan – vocals (Featured on “Shame” on the Loud Rocks Compilation and the Lonely Day EP)
* Lynn Strait – vocals (Featured on a live performance of “War?” live @ The Roxy Los Angeles, CA August 22, 1998)
* Vanik Vartanian – drums (played drums during a live performance “Arto” live @ The Roxy Los Angeles, CA August 22, 1998)

Discography
Main article: System of a Down discography

Studio albums
Date of Release Title Label U.S.Billboard peak RIAA Certification
June 30, 1998 System of a Down American #124 Platinum
September 4, 2001 Toxicity American #1 3x Platinum
November 26, 2002 Steal This Album! American/Columbia #15 Platinum
May 16, 2005 Mezmerize American/Columbia #1 Platinum
November 22, 2005 Hypnotize American/Columbia #1 2xPlatinum

System of a Down is the eponymous debut album by System of a Down, first released in 1998. The hand on the front belongs to the artwork of a poster designed by the artist John Heartfield for the Communist Party of Germany during the Third Reich. The text in the original poster is: “5 fingers has a hand! With these 5 grab the enemy!”. This slogan inspired part of the text contained in the back of the System of a Down album: “The hand has five fingers, capable and powerful, with the ability to destroy as well as create”. Later, it is written in bold letters: “Open your eyes, open your mouths, close your hands and make a fist”.

The album was certified gold by the RIAA on February 2, 2000. Two years later, after the success of Toxicity, it was certified platinum.

The album differs greatly from System of a Down’s next 4 albums, the music being most influenced by that of heavy metal.

Chart positions
Album

Year Chart Position
1999 The Billboard 200 124
Top Heatseekers 1

Singles
Year Single Chart Position 1999 Sugar Mainstream Rock Tracks 28
Modern Rock Tracks 31
2000 Spiders Mainstream Rock Tracks 25
Modern Rock Tracks 38

System of a Down
John Dolmayan · Daron Malakian · Shavo Odadjian · Serj Tankian . Andy Khachaturian

Albums – System of a Down · Toxicity · Steal This Album! · Mezmerize · Hypnotize
EPs – Sugar · Limited Edition Tour CD · Lonely Day
Singles – “Sugar” · “Spiders” · “Johnny” · “Chop Suey!” · “Toxicity” · “Aerials” · “Innervision” · “B.Y.O.B.” · “Question!” · “Violent Pornography” · “Hypnotize” · “Lonely Day” · “Kill Rock ‘N Roll” “Vicinity of Obscenity”
Related articles – Discography · The String Quartet Tribute to System of a Down’s Mezmerize · The String Quartet Tribute to System of a Down’s Hypnotize · Axis of Justice · Elect the Dead · Cool Gardens · Vartan Malakian · Screamers · System of a Down songs
Bands – Scars on Broadway · Achozen · Serart · Buckethead & Friends
Labels – American Recordings · Columbia Records · Serjical Strike Records · EatUrMusic.

 
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